Updated: Jul 6, 2022
Modern art is the creative world's response to the just methods and viewpoints of new lives and ideas brought about by the industrial age's technological advancements, that caused current society to manifest itself in new ways in comparison to the past.
Artists attempted to depict their experience of modern life's novelty in new and creative ways. Although the term "Modern Art" refers to a wide range of artistic genres spanning more than a century, aesthetically, modern art is defined by the artist's desire to depict a subject as it exists in the world, from his or her own unique perspective, and is characterised by a rejection of accepted or traditional styles and values.
The Emergence of Modern Art
From the Renaissance and Baroque periods' humanist inquiry to the grandiose fancies of the Rococo style and the ideal physical beauty of 18th-century European Neoclassicism, the centuries preceding the modern age saw great developments in the visual arts. However, an idealisation of subject matter, whether human, environmental, or situational, was a common feature of these early modern ages. Artists usually depicted what they imagined to be the pinnacle of their subject, rather than what they saw with their own eyes.
Modernism and Art's Golden Age
The advent of the industrial revolution in Western Europe in the mid-nineteenth century marked the beginning of the modern age, one of the most pivotal turning moments in world history. The invention and widespread availability of technology such as the internal combustion engine, vast machine-powered factories, and urban electrical power generation radically impacted the speed and quality of daily living. To find work, many people moved from rural farms to city centres, shifting the centre of life away from the family and village in the country and toward the burgeoning urban metropolises. Painters were drawn to these new visual environments, which were suddenly buzzing with all kinds of modern spectacles and styles, as a result of these advancements.
Photography was a significant technological advancement that was closely tied to the visual arts. Photographic technology improved quickly, and within a few decades, a photograph could accurately duplicate any scene. As technology developed, photography became increasingly accessible to the general public. Because neither sculpture nor painting could capture the same level of detail as photography, the photograph posed a severe challenge to traditional creative forms of depicting a topic. Artists were forced to create new means of expression as a result of photography's precision, resulting in new paradigms in art.
In general, contemporary art is described as any form of art created in the present day, in any medium. However, in the art world, the phrase refers to art created during and after the 1960s post-Pop art era. The emergence of Conceptualism in the late 1960s marked the transition from modern to contemporary art. Earth art, Performance art, Neo-Expressionism, and Digital art are just a few of the movements that fall under the umbrella of contemporary art. It is not a clearly defined time or style, but rather the end of modernism's periodization.