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The Marvelous History of Mandala Art in India

Welcome to the fascinating world of mandala art, one of the most captivating and beautiful art forms that originated right here in India. The word "mandala" comes from Sanskrit, and it means "circle." Another word for mandala is "yantra," which means "instrument." These intricate designs hold deep spiritual and ritual significance, representing the entire universe.

Mandalas have a rich history in Indian culture, spanning centuries. The earliest known mandala art can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization, which thrived from around 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Archaeological excavations at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro have uncovered circular patterns and designs believed to have been used for religious and spiritual purposes.

In the context of religious practices, mandalas have been used for meditation and spiritual practices for centuries. Hindu mandalas feature complex geometric patterns and serve as a means to connect with the divine. Buddhism also embraces the beauty of mandala art, with the creation of sand mandalas being a central part of Tibetan Buddhist practices. Tibetan Buddhism, in particular, has a strong tradition of intricate sand mandalas made from coloured sand. These mandalas are meticulously crafted as a form of meditation and prayer. Once completed, they are often ceremoniously destroyed, symbolizing the impermanence of all things.

In modern times, mandala art has gained popularity worldwide as a therapeutic tool for relaxation and stress relief. Mandala colouring books and pages have become a hit among both adults and children, offering a way to promote mindfulness and tranquillity.

In conclusion, the history of mandala art in India is a tale of deep-rooted spirituality and artistic expression. Its influence can be seen in both Hinduism and Buddhism, and it continues to captivate artists and enthusiasts around the globe. At the Children's Art Museum of India, we celebrate the beauty of mandala art and encourage children to explore this creative form.

Join us today by signing up at the Children's Art Museum of India and experience the wonders of mandala artwork firsthand on the gallery page. To explore more incredible artworks, visit our website at

Let the magic of mandalas inspire your creativity!

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